Teacher Information & Materials

Women's History and Music in our Schools Month

In honor of our two celebrations this month, we will highlight famous women in music history, starting with composer Clara Schumann during the 1800s, then on to singer Ella Fitzgerald from the 1930s to the 1990s, and ending with Sarah Chang, a present-day violinist. Clara Schumann was a German musician and composer during the Romantic Era. She had a 61-year concert career and was the first person to publicly perform a work by Brahms. Clara was also the wife of composer Robert Schumann. Listen to one of her compositions in the video below.

Composer Clara Schumann Video

Ella Fitzgerald was known as "The First Lady of Song" and won 13 Grammy Awards and sold over 40 million albums. Ella was born in Virginia in 1917, but soon after moved to Yonkers, NY. In 1934, she won the chance to compete in Amateur Night at the Apollo theater. By the end of the song, the audience was cheering for an encore, which she did perform. By the 1990s, Ella recorded over 200 albums and in 1991 she gave her final performance at Carnegie Hall in New York City. Hear her perform "Stella by Starlight" written by Victor Young in the following video.

Ella Fitzgerald Video

Sarah Chang is an American violinist of South Korean descent. She is the daughter of a composer and a violinist/music teacher. She debuted with the New York Philharmonic in 1989 at the age of 9. Watch and listen to this talented musician perform an excerpt from Vivaldi's Four Seasons in this video.

Violinist Sarah Chang Video

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