Teacher Information & Materials

Black History Month

"The probability that we may fail in the struggle ought not to deter us from the support of a cause we believe to be just."
—Abraham Lincoln

"Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed."
—Booker T. Washington

When we think of Black History Month, we often think of the prominent people who fought for civil rights. Harriet Tubman's work with the Underground Railroad, Martin Luther King giving his "I Have a Dream" speech, and Rosa Parks taking a seat at the front of the bus and the subsequent bus boycott are all well-known events. Throughout history, there were many lesser-known events that also shaped what America is today.

Other events that played a significant part in telling the story of African-American history are the Little Rock Nine, the Greensboro Lunch Counter and the Freedom Riders. In 1957, nine African-American students attended the newly-desegregated Central High School in Arkansas, even though the governor called in the National Guard to prevent them from doing so. Hear the story of one of these heroic nine students when interviewed on the 50th anniversary.

Little Rock Nine Video

On Feb. 1, 1960, a group of four students from North Carolina Agricultural & Technical College sat down at an all-white lunch counter at the Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina. They refused to leave after not being served. This group of four grew to hundreds protesting in the coming days. See and hear their story in this video.

Greensboro Lunch Counter Video

The Freedom Riders were a group of civil rights activists who traveled around the south on buses and trains in 1961, risking their lives to protest the treatment of African-Americans. Hear about the strategy of non-violence that this group employed in this video.

Freedom Riders Video

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